Implementing a reliability centered maintenance program begins by taking the seven questions asked during the RCM assessment and categorizing them into three phases. These phases are: prioritization, evaluation, and results.
The first phase determines priority and targets equipment with the highest probability of failure or largest consequences of failure. Deciding asset criticality and defining what equipment performs crucial system functions is the focus of phase one.
Phase two consists of conducting the RCM study and can be broken down into three parts. First, functional failures need to be identified and defined. Next, effects of the failures are evaluated. How does this failure affect the overall system or safety? The final step is identifying failure modes. Often, FMEA will be used to uncover failure modes.
After prioritizing and analyzing, the final phase is acting on the information acquired. This stage focuses on identifying areas for improvement and updating maintenance tasks or asset design. Actions can include preventative maintenance techniques to mitigate risk of failure or proactively preventing failures.