It is important when creating and using failure codes to standardize their use and tagging convention. Too few codes lead to inaccurate work orders and data that is nonspecific. An abundance of codes leads to confusion, resulting in operators using a catch-all like “other” or “miscellaneous”. Preferably, the objective is to create enough codes to give accurate information without over-complicating the reporting process.
Similar to assets in a CMMS or EAM system, codes need a standardized tagging convention. If different operators report the same failure as “leak”, “leaking”, and “leaks”, filtering or running reports will produce inaccurate insights. Limiting failure codes to a predefined list or dropdown, in comparison to an open field, will prevent code variants.
ISO 14224 provides comprehensive data standards and describes data principles useful for reliability applications. While initially established for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries, ISO 14224 provides a helpful framework for all organizations concerned with data collection best practices.